Estrabismo nos anos 90

Estrabismo nos anos 90

Autores:

Luís Garlos F. de Sá

ARTIGO ORIGINAL

Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia

versão impressa ISSN 0004-2749versão On-line ISSN 1678-2925

Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. vol.61 no.6 São Paulo dez. 1998

http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/0004-2749.19980019

REFERÊNCIAS

1 Abbud CMM, Cruz AAV. Alinhamento ocular nos primeiros sete meses de vida. Arq Bras Oftalmol 1996;59:568-72.
2 Norcia AM, Garcia H, Humphry R, Holmes A, Hamer RD, Orel-Bixler D. Anomalous motion VEPs in infants and in infantile esotropia. Invest Ophtalmol Vis Sci 1991;32:436-9.
3 Tychsen L, Boothe RG. Latent fixation nystagmus and nasotemporal asymmetries of motion visually evoked potentials in naturally strabismic primate. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1996;33:148-52.
4 Wright KW. Clinical optokinetic nystagmus asymmetry in treated esotropes. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1996;33:153-5.
5 Rosenbaum AL, Egbert JE, Keogan T, Wheeler N, Wang C, Buzard K. Length-tension properties of extraocular muscles in patients with esotropia and intermittent exotropia. Am J Ophthalmol 1994;117:791-9.
6 Molina AC, Munoz MLG. Short-stiff extraocular muscles: Mechanics involved in EOM adaptatios to squint. In boletim XII CLADE, Ed. Prieto-Diaz J, Buenos Aires, 1996;503-8.
7 Miller JM, Demer JL. Biomechanical analysis of strabismus. Binocular Vision and Eye Muscle Surgery Quartely 1992;7:233-48.
8 Clark RA, Miller JM, Demer JL. Location and stability of rectus muscle pulleys. Muscle paths as a function of gaze. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1997;38:227-40.
9 Miller JM, Demer JL, Rosenbaum AL. Effect of transposition surgery on rectus muscle paths by magnetic resonance imaging. Ophthalmology 1993;100:475-87.
10 Shin GS, Demer JL, Rosenbaum AL. High resolution, dynamic, magnetic resonance imaging in complicated strabismus. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1996;33:282-90.
11 Paul TO, Hardage LK. The heritability of strabismus. Ophthalmic Genet 1994;15:1-18.
12 Lang J. [Genetic aspects of esotropia in homozygous twins]. Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd 1990;196:275-8.
13 Repka MX. Lifelong Education for the Ophthalmologist (LEO -Clinical Topic Update) in Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, American Academy of Opthalmology 1986.
14 Helveston EM, Ellis FD, Plagger DA et al. Early surgery for essential infantile esotropia. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1990;27:115-8.
15 Ing MR. Outcome study of surgical alignment before six months of age for congenital esotropia. Ophthalmology 1995;102:2041-5.
16 Wright KW, Edelman PM, McVey JH et al. High grade stereoacuity after early surgery for congenital esotropia. Arch Ophthalmol 1994;112:913-9.
17 Prism Adaptation Study Research Group. Efficacy of prism adaptation in the surgical management of acquired esotropia. Arch Ophthalmol 1990;108:1248-56.
18 Moore S. The prognostic value of lateral gaze measurements in intermittent exotropia. Am Orthopt J 1969;19:69-71.
19 Repka MX, Amoldi KA. Lateral incomitance in exotropia: fact or artifact? J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1991;28:125-8.
20 Prieto-Diaz J, Souza-Dias C. Las exotropias in: Estrabismo, eds. Prieto-Diaz J, Souza-Dias C, 1996, capítulo 6.
21 Hannas TR, Almeida HC, Faria LMC, Alvares MAG. Tratamento dos exodesvios com lentes negativas. Arq Bras Oftalmol 1994;57:100-2.
22 Caltrider N, Jampolsky A. Overcorrecting minus lens therapy for treatment of intermitent exotropia Ophthalmology 1983;90:1160-5.
23 Wilson ME, McClatchey SK. Dissociated horizontal deviation. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1991;27:59-64.
24 Uesugui CF, Mariano Jr OP, Goldchmit M, Souza Dias C. Eficácia da transposição vertical dos músculos retos horizontais para correção de hipertropia comitante associada a estrabismos horizontais essenciais. Arq Bras Oftalmol 1993;56:320-5.
25 Bali SF, Ellis GS Jr, Herrington RG, Liang K. Brown's superior oblique tendon syndrome after Baerveldt glaucoma implant [letter]. Arch Ophthalmol 1992;110:1368.
26 Christmann LM, Wilson ME. Motility disturbances after Molteno implants. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1992;29:44-8.
27 Morris RJ, Scott WE, Dickey CF. Fusion after surgical alignment of longstanding strabismus in adults. Ophthalmology 1993;100:135-8.
28 Kushner BJ. Binocular field expansion in adults after surgery for esotropia. Arch Ophthalmology 1994;112:639-43.
29 Ball A, Drummond GT, Pearce WG. Unexpected stereoacuity following surgical correction of long-standing horizontal strabismus. Can J Ophthalmol 1993;28:217-20.
30 Satterfield D, Keltner JL, Morrison TL. Psychosocial aspects of strabismus study. Arch Ophthalmology 1993;111:1100-5.
31 Isenberg SJ, Apt L, Yamada S. Overnight admission of outpatient strabismus patients. Ophthalmic Surg 1990;21:540-3.
32 Watcha MF, Simeon RM, White PF, Stevens JL. Effect of propofol on the incidence of postoperative vomiting after strabismus surgery in pediatric outpatients. Anesthesiology 1991;75:204-9.
33 Brown RE Jr, James DJ, Weaver RG, Wilhoit RD, Bauman LA. Low-dose droperidol versus standard-dose droperidol for prevention of postoperative vomiting after pediatric strabismus surgery. J Clin Anesth 1991;3:306-9.
34 Klockgether Radke A, Gerhardt D, Muhlendyck H, Braun U. [The effect of the laryngeal mask airway on the postoperative incidence of vomiting and sore throat in children]. Anaesthesist 1996;45:1085-8.
35 Cheng KP, Larson CE, Biglan AW, D'Antonio JA. A prospective, randomized, controlled comparison of retrobulbar and general anesthesia for strabismus surgery. Ophthalmic Surg 1992;23:585-90.
36 Sanders RJ, Nelson LB, Deutsch JA. Peribulbar anesthesia for strabismus surgery. Am J Ophthalmol 1990;109:705-8.
37 Capó H, Munoz M. Sub-tenon's lidocaine irrigation for strabismus surgery (letter). Ophthalmic Surg 1992;23:145.
38 Ruben ST, Elston JS. One stage adjustable sutures: practical aspects. Br J Ophthalmol 1992;76:675-7.
39 Carlson Bm, Emerick S. Komorowski TE, et al. Extraocular muscle regeneration in primates. Local anesthetic-induced lesions. Ophthalmology 1992;99:582-9.
40 Hamed LM. Strabismus presenting after cataract surgery. Ophthalmology 1991;98:247-52.
41 Hunter DG, Lam GC, Guyton DL. Inferior oblique muscle injury from local anesthesia for cataract surgery. Ophthalmology 1995;102:501-9.
42 Reis PPL. Posicionamento tardio dos retos horizontais retrocedidos pela técnica da sutura ajustável: estudo com marcador radio opaco em olhos humanos. Tese apresentada à Faculdade de Medicina da UFMG para obtenção do grau de Doutor, 1994.
43 Ziffer AJ, Isenberg SJ, Elliott RL, Apt L. The effect of anterior transposition of the inferior oblique muscle. Am J Ophthalmol 1993;116:224-7.
44 Burke JP, Scott WE, Kutshke PJ. Anterior transposition of the inferior oblique muscle for dissociated vertical deviation. Ophthalmology 1993;100:245-50.
45 Gonzalez C, Cinciripini G. Anterior transposition of the inferior oblique in the treatment of unilateral superior oblique palsy. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1995;32:107-13.
46 Goldchmit M, Souza-Dias C, Lazary SV, Tavares IJ. Correção da hipertropia em posição primária com debilitamento cirúrgico unilateral do oblíquo inferior. Arq Bras Oftalmol 1997;60:290-3.
47 Souza-Dias C. Planejamento cirúrgico para as paresias unilaterais do oblíquo superior. Arq Bras Oftalmol 1991;54:127-32.
48 Helveston EM, Krach D, Plager DA, Ellis FD. A new classification of superior oblique palsy based on congenital variations in the tendon. Ophthalmology 1992;99:1609-15.
49 Horta Barbosa P. Afilamento do oblíquo superior na síndrome de Brown. In boletim XII CLADE, Ed. Prieto-Diaz J, Buenos Aires, 1996; 199-200.
50 Acheson JF, Elston JS, Lee JP, Fells P. Extraocular muscle surgery in Myasthenia Gravis. Br J Ophthalmol 1991;75:232-5.
51 Davidson JL, Rosenbaum AL, McCall LC. Strabismus surgery in patients with myasthenia. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1993;30:292-5.
52 Von Noorden GK, Sprunger DT. Large rectus muscle recession for the treatment of congenital nystagmus. Arch Ophthalmol 1991;109:221-4.
53 Helveston EM, Ellis FD, Plager DA. Large recession of the horizontal recti for the treatment of nystagmus. Ophthalmol 1991 ;98:1302.
54 Bicas HE A. Ajustamento posicionais oculares e estabilizações do equilíbrio oculomotor sem impedir rotações. Arq Bras Oftal 1998;61:294-304.
55 Sprunger DT, Helveston EM. Progressive overcorrection after inferior rectus recession. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1993;30:145-8.
56 Wright KW. Late overcorrection after inferior rectus recession. Ophthalmology 1996;103:1503-7.
57 Scott AB. Trabalho apresentado no XII CLADE, Buenos Aires, 1996. (Não publicado).
58 Ing MR. Infection following strabismus surgery. Ophthalmic Surg 1991;22:41-3
59 The Periocular Infection Study Group. Periocular infection after strabismus surgery. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1995;32:42-9.
60 Spierer A, Barequet I, Rosner M, Solomon AS, Martinowitz U. Reattachment of extraocular muscles using fibrin glue in a rabbit model. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1997;38:543-6.
61 Moreira ATR. Uso do adesivo biológico de fibrina para reinserção do músculo reto superior em coelhos. Estudo histopatológico. Tese apresentada à Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo para obtenção do grau de Doutor, 1998.
62 Urban RC Jr, Kaufman LM. Mitomycin in the treatment of hypertrophic conjunctival scars after strabismus surgery. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1994;31:96-8.
63 Brooks SE, Ribeiro GB, Archer SM, Elner VM, Del Monte MA. Fat adherence syndrome treated with intraoperative mitomycin-C: a rabbit model. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1996;33:21-7.
64 Andreo LK, Uyemura MJ, Enzenauer RW. 5-Fluorouracil reduces scarring after strabismus surgery. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1997;34:107-10.
65 Shokida MF. Use of a silicone sheet for delayed adjustable strabismus surgery. Ophthalmic Surg 1993;24:486-8.
66 Saunders RA, Bluestein EC, Wilson ME, Berland JE. Anterior segment ischemia after strabismus surgery. Surv Ophthalmol 1994;38:456-66.
67 Freedman HL, Waltman DD, Patterson JH. Preservation of anterior ciliary vessels during strabismus surgery: a nonmicroscopic technique. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1992;29:38-43.
68 Wright KW, Lanier AB. Effect of a modified rectus tuck on anterior segment circulation in monkeys. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1991;28:77-81.
69 Kwito S, Sawusch MR, McDonnell PJ, Gritz DC, Moreira H, Evensen D. Effect of extraocular muscle surgery on comeal topography. Arch Ophthalmol 1991;109:873-8.
70 Preslan MW, Cioffi G, Min YI. Refractive error changes following strabismus surgery. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1992;29:300-4.
71 Scott AB, Magoon EH, McNeer KW, Stager DR. Botulinum treatment of childhood strabismus. Ophthalmology 1990;97:1434-8.
72 McNeer KW, Spencer RF, Tucker MG. Observations on bilateral simultaneous botulinum toxin injection in infantile esotropia. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1994;31:214-9.
Política de Privacidade © Copyright, Todos os direitos reservados.