Exoftalmometria - Padrão de normalidade em crianças de sete a dez anos de acordo com sexo e raça

Exoftalmometria - Padrão de normalidade em crianças de sete a dez anos de acordo com sexo e raça

Autores:

Epaminondas Castelo Branco Neto,
Rubens Belfort Jr.,
Paulo Augusto de Arruda Mello

ARTIGO ORIGINAL

Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia

versão impressa ISSN 0004-2749versão On-line ISSN 1678-2925

Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. vol.62 no.3 São Paulo jun. 1999

http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/0004-2749.19990016

SUMMARY

Purpose:

To estimate the pattern of normality of exoph-thalmometric values and the distance between lateral orbital rims (base measurement) in children aged between 7 and 10 years of both sexes, in Salvador, BA.

Patients, Material and Methods:

Using the Hertel exoph-thalmometerfour hundred children with ages rangingfrom 7 to 10 years, were examined in 2 public schools of Salvador. The children were classified into white, light mulatto, medium mulatto, dark mulatto and black.

Results:

The exophthalmometric values obtained were OD: 15.4mm ± 1.600, OS: 15.3 mm ± 1.692 in females; OD 15.0 mm ± 1.474, OS: 14.9 mm ± 1.930 in males. The base measurements were 89.5 mm ± 3.898 in females and 90.8 mm ± 4.310 in males.

Conclusions:

There was a statistically significant difference of the exophthalmometric values between the two eyes of the same individual. A statistically significant difference of values was observed between the right and left eyes of the both sexes. The base mesurements were more elevated in males. Both, exophthalmometric and base measurements increased with age and increase in negroid traces of the individuals.

Keywords: Normal exophthalmometry; Children; Mulatto

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